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Family planning empowers couples with the right to decide the number and spacing of their children. Furthermore it prevents unwanted pregnancies, reduces infant mortality and improves overall reproductive health. Family planning is achieved through use of contraceptive methods.

Contraceptives have been in use for thousands of years. Traditional methods include withdrawal, fertility-awareness methods, use of beads and herbs. The modern methods can be largely categorised into the following:


  • oral hormonal contraceptives 
  • injectable contraceptives
  • implantable contraceptives
  • emergency contraceptives


  • condoms (male, female)
  • diaphragm

Intrauterine device

  • copper containing device
  • intrauterine device levonorgestrel


  • female sterilization
  • male sterilization
  • lactational amenorrhoea

Click here to read more about hormonal contraceptives. 

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SRH Next logoi+logoThis portal is made possible with financial support of Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Reproductive Health Market Intelligence (RHMi+) portal is developed and maintained by i+solutions, as part of the project ‘Making Sexual and Reproductive Health Services work for the next generation (SRH Next)’, jointly implemented by Cordaid, i+solutions, Health Development and Performance (HDP), Swiss Tropical Institute of Public Health and Healthy Entrepreneurs.